At some point in our lives we have all wanted to have better memory, either to improve in our studies or in our career or just to remind us of all we have to do throughout the day.
For students, it is critical to optimize their study time and make the most of. In addition, a trained memory will be very useful in your professional life, and more in these times in which it is necessary to constantly recycle.
Understanding that improving memory is to improve the process of information retrieval and increase retention of it, then we will see ten strategies to improve memory.
The strategies outlined here are intended to improve effectiveness during the study process and are drawn from various studies, books and articles on cognitive psychology.
# 1: Focus your attention on what you are doing
Attention is one of the main components of memory. So that information can move from short -term memory to memory long term is necessary to focus on this information. When studying or trying to memorize something is important to be in a place without distractions that allows us to focus attention.
Avoid distraction and flees the “multitasking mode on”.
# 2: Set regular study sessions and do not leave everything to the end
It is not about educating discipline, but about helping our minds process information properly. It has been shown that students who study regularly recall much better the study material than those who dedicated marathon sessions to the study of the same material.
Organize your time and avoid binge eating.
# 3: Structure and Organize Information
Researchers have shown that information is organized in the memory into related groups. Therefore, structuring and organizing study materials, grouping similar concepts or making summaries with notes taken throughout the study, it is easier to associate the related information and thus improve the study.
Simplify, schematizes, analyzes, relates. You have many tools and technology to make it easier and more entertaining.
# 4: Use mnemonic techniques to remember information
Mnemonic techniques are strategies used to remember the information that tend to be very personal. They function as an “access key” that allow us to associate something concrete with what we wish to remember. Some techniques consist of forming a word using the initials of the first few words in a list to remember all the points or memorize a series of fun pictures or drawings, use a song, etc.
Make sequences or funny words to remember: Study positive.
# 5: Progressively build what you are studying
To remember the information you need to code what you are studying in the long term memory. To do this, a very effective technique consists in going deeper into a concept, beginning with reading the definition of the key term, then studying that term and then going deeper into a more extended definition. Repeating this process several times encourages memorization.
Simplify and add little more information, do not strike everything at once
# 6: Relate new information to what you already know
When confronted with new and unknown study material, think first about how you can relate it to what you already know. By establishing relationships between new ideas and previously existing memories you will be able to remember the new information much better.
Thinking about what you already know will help you make the new information more meaningful and meaningful.
# 7: Visualize concepts to remember better
Visualization is one of the most used techniques and that best results gives. To do this, it is important to look at the images (pictures, diagrams, graphics), use own colors and symbols, make mental maps, personal drawings, etc. Anything that evokes the memory is worth.
Adorning your notes will help you visualize the information better and have a more cheerful and positive study material.
# 8: Tell Others What You Have Learned
Research suggests that voice reading of information significantly improves the memorization process. Educators and psychologists have discovered that when students teach new concepts to others it improves their understanding and memory. To take advantage of this technique you can study with a partner or ask someone in your family or in your environment to listen to you.
If you can not count on anybody you can do it likewise imagining a conversation or using photographs, posters, dolls … anything that you feel comfortable with.
# 9. Pay special attention to the most difficult and restructure information
Researchers have found that the order of information can play an important role in the recall. An interesting technique would be to restructure the information, starting with what is easier to remember, dedicating a little more time to what is difficult for us.
Crumble the information and make it easy to digest. Locate what costs you the most and give it a little more time.
# 10: Occasionally varies your study routine
Introducing a novel variant in the study routine breaks the monotony and increases the effectiveness of the efforts made, helping to improve long-term information retrieval. For them it is enough to change the place of study, try to find other different hours to study or any other novelty that we find interesting. It is not necessary to make a radical change, just look for occasional alternatives.
Introducing some novelty makes the study more interesting and allows us to relax the mind with a small exercise in creativity.