Do you know what a MOOC? Do you know the BYOD methodology? Have you ever worked with an LMS? Behind these acronyms several concepts that are transforming traditional learning models and offer a look at what will be tomorrow’s education hide.
Today, education has been forced to reinvent and develop new learning models that give way to autonomy, collaboration and proper management of digital tools in each student. Here are five concepts that have been allowed to take a step forward that transformation.
Although MOOC have some of the characteristics of a traditional course, as instruction manuals, periodic evaluations, runtimes and participants, mostly differential lies in the student acquires autonomy to decide when and from where to take each lesson. Either in the free time you have in the office, when I got home, while making a row in a bank or even from a plane, each student enrolled in a MOOC have the ability to decide when the device and place for progress within the course.
Another quality of the MOOC, is to promote collaboration between different participants of the courses. Many of the platforms that offer MOOCs have chats, discussion forums and the ability to open online discussions among different students who are part of the course, which provides the ability to interact, share knowledge and exchange ideas.
Some of the most prominent platforms MOOCs, is Coursera , a portal that provides about 580 online courses taught by professors from some of the best universities in the world (Princeton, Yale, Stanford and Nanyang Technological University, by to mention a few). The courses, which range from ‘Computational Neuroscience’ (University of Washington), ‘Introduction to machine vision’ (Technical University of Munich) or ‘Fundamental principles of business strategy’ (University of Virginia), are classified in different categories covering institutions in 16 countries and over 12 languages. Coursera other similar platforms are Khan Academy , Udacity and Edx.
In Latin America, they have also begun to emerge with some success spaces that offer massive online courses and openness. One is Acamica, a virtual platform that provides a variety of MOOCs that promise to make the student next Mark Zuckerberg. Among the courses offered can be found ‘Programming creative processing’, ‘Android Attack’, ‘Data & Analytics applied to Digital Marketing’, ‘Maqueteando the web monster’, ‘Training emotional intelligence’, ‘The family business and its players’, among others,
Another competitor that has gained ground in this sector is Tareasplus, a platform created by Colombian Hernan Jaramillo and Roberto Cuartas, with online courses on Mathematics and Science, Technology, Business and Languages. The virtual academy, based in Silicon Valley, offers courses like “Advanced Excel course ‘,’ Course Keynote ‘,’ practical English for everyday situations’, among others.
2. Flip Lessons
‘Flip Lesson’ or Reversed Lesson is a method which, as its name implies, seeks to reverse the traditional model of education. Inverted lessons distributed academic program so that students study academic content at home and perform tasks in hours.
According explaining an infographic created by Knewton , specializing in the development of platforms for customized educational content company, the ‘Flip Lessons’ were developed by Jonathan Bergman and Aaron Sams, two teachers of Woodland Park High School in Colorado, USA, which began to record the lessons taught by his students and later upload them to the Internet for those who for some reason had missed a class, they could access the content posted in it.
Readings and presentations began to expand rapidly among students. Since then, Bergman and Aron realized that investing methodology classes could be an innovative model to enhance the learning of young people. With this in mind, the teachers started to send videos, podcasts and online readings for the students to study at home and take advantage of classes to work on the development of the tasks.
The new methodology opened the possibility of class time became the opportunity to deepen the content and to answer questions through collaborative learning.
Another effect of the ‘Flip Lessons’ was the spatial redistribution of classes. Since it minimizes the keynote speech of teachers, students no longer need to sit in rows of desks, but elongated or round tables to promote collaboration at the time of performing the tasks.
While the lessons inverted encourage collaboration, also foster student autonomy, because it is they who decide whether to take the lessons at home, leaving them in charge of their own learning. This allows each student to learn at their own pace, be any number of times each content and delve into those topics that most interest you wake up.
Teachers become facilitators of the learning process, either guiding the working groups or work individually with each student, according to their concerns, difficulties and strengths.
One of the platforms that has certainly helped foster the model of ‘Flip Lessons’ around the world is TED Education, a non-profit organization that allows teachers anywhere in the world share animated lessons and make them available students and teachers.
BYOD, or ‘Bring Your Own Device’ (Bring Your Own Device) is a new learning methodology is that each student bring to the classroom their own electronic device, be it a smartphone a laptop or tablet .
The main objective of the BYOD approach is to engage the student teach technology and electronic devices with which you are familiar can be a useful and fun tool to enhance their learning.
Much of the success of this approach depends on the individual teacher planning to carry out to decide the orientation given to the use of the devices within the class: information search, concept development, understanding of a specific application or platform, creating graphs and charts, videotape to record the lessons, sharing content with students from around the world, among others.
Three recommendations to implement the methodology BYOD:
First, always design a ‘Plan B’, in which case the connection to Wi-Fi is unstable; second, it is preferable that the lesson focuses on the search for information, as if working with a specific application is possible that the diversity of mobile devices and operating systems becomes inconvenient to have all students in sync in ‘ same page ‘; and finally, it is important to note that children are exposed to different distractions when using the devices. However, such distraction can play in favor of the teacher if he can detect and integrate it with the methodology of the class.
The BYOD approach encourages the active and interactive participation of students with the contents of the subject, provides teachers with the opportunity to expand the horizons of their knowledge and mobile devices becomes a useful tool for the academic process.
4. Blended Learning
The ‘Blended Learning’ or Blended Learning is an emerging method of education that combines the traditional model, where the student attends a class in a school classroom and online learning.
This model develops student autonomy, allowing you to manage your time when taking an online course. In addition, support for teachers helps students understand in depth the concepts seen in the virtual lessons.
Putting into practice the Blended Learning
There are different ways to implement the ‘Blended Learning’ within educational programs. As explaining an infographic designed by Knewton, five of the best-known methodologies Blended Learning are as follows:
- Teachers teach most of the class curriculum. E-learning is used in technology laboratories: a classroom students have computers with Internet access to take online courses that complement the lessons seen in the lectures.
- ‘Rotation’ of students: each student has a schedule of courses online and in classes which should attend. The order in which you take each of the courses depends on the pace and the decision of the student.
- Another approach is that most of the curriculum is seen by the students through online courses. The advisory teacher serves only to students when they need it, either in groups or individually.
- Similarly, some institutions opt for a virtual platform that provides 100% of the curriculum of the subject, but with a difference and that students meet within the same physical location to take courses together. Usually, this methodology is used by technology labs, where students also see some classes.
- Students voluntarily decide to take online courses that are not part of the curriculum of the subject, to complement the traditional view lesson classes.
An LMS or ‘Learning Management System’ (System Management Learning) is a platform that is used to coordinate and plan an educational course, where you can share content, have control of students, plan activities, among others.
In other words it is a software platform, either in the cloud or installed on the computer is used to implement, plan and evaluate a particular learning process. A LMS allows distributing the academic content of the institutions and facilitate the process of study to students.
The LMS also become a place where parents, teachers and students are able to interact continuously to create a better educational model: teachers are monitoring students to process, distribute and create content online, monitor the participation of students in discussion forums and evaluate the progress of the course; Students, meanwhile, can access the class material from any device with internet access and interact with peers in collaborative work groups online chats and discussion forums that contribute to the construction of knowledge solid on the topics discussed in class.
One of the most renowned LMS is currently Schoology , a platform that defines itself as the ‘social network of education’, where teachers, parents and students can have a profile, a homepage and contacts; make different groups for discussion and work; learning events, receive notifications and, of course, share content.
Another recommended for institutions and organizations LMS is Topyx , which provides solutions to improve the process of learning through digital tools that maximize collaboration within the educational model through the creation of a collaborative online community. Among its benefits for institutions, organizations and teachers, Topyx provides information tools such as Google Analytics.