In my previous article, you’ve learned that the online world is a wonderful choice to launch your own business with little money to invest. But today I want to talk about something far more dangerous: the Internet scams.
it is undeniable that the virtual world has many advantages: from booking movie tickets in advance, buy an item that has not yet come to our country, to start an online business with just a few dollars a month or get a job Internet from home.
But the bad news is:
Also, there are many unfortunate people who take advantage of these opportunities to defraud people like you who seek a honest way to make a living online.
- Are you looking for a job online? Be careful, because you can be swindled.
- Do you just want to earn extra money? Someone tries to steal deceiving.
- Want to start your virtual business? There are scammers hoping to steal payment data of your customers.
- Luckily, all these situations can be avoided or minimized knowing all types of Internet scams that exist.
- And today I’m going to the show in this article as well as some valuable tips that I use to protect my online endeavors.
Types of Internet scams
1. Scam prepayments
In this type of deception, there are 6 different subtypes of scams! cybercriminals persuade his victim (YOU) to pay them money in advance promising a greater reward later.
These are 6 subtypes prepayments scams that exist:
Scams buy online: a vendor is selling any product. When a customer buys and pays for that product, the seller disappeared with the money and never send or deliver the article (which actually never existed).
These hoaxes can find them anywhere: on Web sites like MercadoLibre, blogs individuals who sell their services, classified ads, there are even criminals who create online stores for that purpose only.
Beware of the typical announcement “selling a car (or any other product) but I’m not now in the country, so an acquaintance you will deliver when you have paid the money” because usually there is no such known nor of course article itself.
Sentimental deceptions: here the scammer uses an instant messaging (Skype, Whatsapp) or online dating service to contact you and show his romantic interest in you, even sending photos of an attractive person that he or she is not.
When you have earned your trust, you propose will be in a certain place, but you ask for money to keep the appointment on the grounds that is in a bad economic situation and can not afford the trip / stay / etc.
They can even play with your heart telling you that they have health problems or is blocked in your country, and he needs your help to pay for medical treatment or a visa. It’s all a big lie!
Charity scams: the offender impersonate a charity to ask donations or grants to natural disasters, diseases, or for a mother and her children that do not even exist.
He even used logos of prestigious organizations like the Red Cross, UNICEF, etc. The Internet scams known here more often to help with cancer, AIDS, or to recent disasters such as Ebola in Africa and Hurricane Katrina.
FALSE jobs: these scams usually will reach directly to your email, which will offer one job with a high salary claiming they have seen your resume on a website where you’ve applied to any job.
Here’s the catch: they’ll give in exchange for hiring you before pay an amount of money to process the papers of the contract, or to send some materials needed to start working.
This type of scam is used in 80% of the manual tasks that are advertised online or in classified ads in newspapers for pens, bracelets and necklaces, or to put advertising on ads.
They’ll tell you you’re hired but you have to pay the first materials for the job. However, once you pay, you never sent such material and never see your money.
Threats: extortion, bombings, kidnappings … The scam is that a “murderer hired” course will contact you (by email, phone, SMS) to tell a teammate / rival / enemy of yours has hired him to kill you .
But this “murderer” reject offers if you will pay more than your opponent has offered course kill you.Another variation is to inform you that they have kidnapped a loved one of yours and you should pay for their rescue, but this is totally false.
Money laundering: this deception is growing dangerously in recent months, and must be very careful with him for criminal responsibilities involved.
It is to contact you to inform you that a large international company wants to hire you to send large amounts of money to your account bank ($ 2,000, $ 3,000, $ 5,000), and you take out the money from your bank and enter in another bank account that they will tell.
In return, you will pay a good salary and a commission for each transfer made. The problem is that big salary and commission do not exist , and they ‘re actually making a money laundering by the police discover that when you, get you into jail.
2. Credit Card Scams
What is at issue here is that the offender creates a web page that seems completely legal and authentic in selling all kinds of goods can only be purchased with a credit card.
These assets can be of any kind: from cheaper products than the normal market price (for example, an iPhone 6 release for $ 150 when the actual price is $ 650) to football tickets for concerts, events like the Olympics or world.
What is the aim of these scams? In addition to paying for a product that you never get the scammer you will keep the details of your card to buy other items online or steal all the money you have in it.
This type of scam is similar to the above. The scammer will try to steal your identity and personal information such as passwords, user names, number of your credit card or bank account, the password for your email …
Therefore, it is called phishing that will treat that piques their scams and “catch” all data of yours.
The problem with this scam is that they send emails posing as your bank or your own email service, with the official logos of these companies, asking to confirm important data.
Have you heard the typical Hotmail in which they say that your account will be deleted unless you confirm your information and password by clicking on a link attached? Well that email is not Hotmail, is a mail phishing that a scammer has sent you!
Another form of phishing but this much more dangerous still. The criminals come into real web pages and look for vulnerabilities to redirect you to the fake website and enter all your data and to steal them.
The worst part is this:
That you did not notice easily because they have to press any link, and the Web page to which you redirect will be exactly like your bank, for example. Here’s a picture with a chart for you to understand better. When you click on it, it will take you to another page where you must fill some form and give your details…
How they can cheat you with phishing ?
In extortion, charity scams, emotional scams and false job offers I’ve already taught the means by which they can deceive. But in phishing there are 4 main ways of trys, although every day new methods emerge.
These are the four main methods of phishing that exist:
1. With a SMS message
Here you will be sent an SMS (short message) to your mobile where you will be asked to answer with the data that ask you to confirm your bank details, your card, your email, your PayPal account, etc.
NEVER respond to these SMS: call and ask genuine agency responsible if they have sent a message to confirm your data or not. So you know if it’s a scam.
2. With one phone call
They will call you into believing that the operator or operator works in a private or public entity to ask you to confirm your information, and steal them.
They can say anything: it is a call from your bank, insurance of your house, your telephone company, even the tax department of your government. Do not believe them!
If these entities are genuine and really want to confirm your data will be they who will tell you what your account number, your personal details, and you just have to say yes or no, but do not have to say “my account number is 1234 -5678 … “.
3. With email
This method is the most widely used and involves sending an email pretending to be from one entity to steal our data. In most cases, data are requested for security reasons, to confirm your identity, or to reactivate an account that never stopped being active.
I’ll give you two examples of this that have happened to me.
The first is an alleged mail Banamex in which I am informed that my account has been suspended and that to restore it I have to download an attached form and follow the instructions.
For starters, I do not have a bank account in Banamex, so it is impossible to suspend an account that does not even exist! As much as the email look for the email address of the bank, is untrue.
A bank will never ask you to confirm your mail data to restore your account. They will call you directly by phone to inform you and tell you to go to your nearest office to solve the problem.
The second mail phishing has further offense: it is in English and basically tell me that, with the change from Hotmail to Outlook, my Hotmail account has expired and I have to click a link to reactivate it.
- If this email was real, they would have sent in Spanish, not English, because my account is in Spanish.
- If my account has expired, I may not receive emails, and would not have been able to receive the mail.
- Putting my mouse over the link course (without actually prick), the web address on the bottom bar is completely different from the link in the message.
The logic is overwhelming and is certainly an email from phishing to steal my data by accessing to my email account.
In this type of Internet scams famous “Nigerian letters” are also included.
In them an email to let you know that you received an important award received lottery from a faraway country to yours, and you must pay in advance to formalize the procedures of the award.
These “electronic charts” usually come from countries like Nigeria, Sierra Leone and Ivory Coast, and are clearly fraud.
The eight golden rules to avoid Internet scams
- Always have updated the operating system from your computer: in this way, have the necessary patches installed on your system that will prevent potential cyber criminals from sneaking into your computer and steal your data.
- Never you click on links found in emails from unknown people: if you receive an email from someone you do not know with links inside, delete it and do not click on them. And if those emails that say things like “your account has been closed / disabled” or you have to confirm your data, and delete it immediately suspected.
- Examine your bank account and your statements after receiving these emails to make sure they did not come to steal. If you see any unusual movement in them, it is best to call your bank to confirm your address and your account balance.
- Protect your computer with a good anti-virus to avoid being redirected to fake Web where they can replace your data and stealing pages, it is best to have a good antivirus installed shield you in those situations.
- If a product on a website or online store is much cheaper than in the normal market price, suspicion and do not buy it.
- When you ask for money up front to work online or to pay for work materials, it is probably a scam.
- Also always keep your Internet browser updated to avoid possible deception on the network.
- Before accepting a job on the Internet or purchased at a shop online, look for references on Google: seeks views on blogs, forums, and different pages of reviews about this company or person to hire you or on the web where you go to buy.So you avoid trouble.
I hope you will find this article very necessary information and it will help you to avoid from being ripped off by the Internet. Let us know if you have faced with such or wish to add your opinion on this topic?!
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