When the dogs went to the drawer with the low wall, the results were mixed. The first group, those who had learned in his hands was the power control discharges, jumped immediately to escape the pain. So they did the third group dogs when they began to receive the first shock. However, the second group, the dogs had learned that nothing could do to avoid the pain of shock, they lay on the drawer assuming as inevitable destination was not. Seligman had shown that the feeling of impotence could be learned.
In this experiment followed many others that underpinned Seligman’s theory to the point of taking the leap and perform similar tests (less cruel, it must be said) with people. The result was identical and enabled correctly define the theory of learned helplessness. The conclusion we reached was that Seligman how we interpret (and in which we explain) what happens to us, determines how we deal with such events. There are three aspects that define these guidelines learned: generality, customization and scope.
|Learned Optimism: How to Change Your Mind and Your Life
Martin E. P. Seligman
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