Model-Structure-and-Business-Plan---Business-Management-Tips---tinoshare.com---blogowebgo.com
Model-Structure-and-Business-Plan---Business-Management-Tips---tinoshare.com---blogowebgo.com

This article is intended to assist in developing a business plan . In it we present a typical structure and a model of a business plan that can be used as a basis or reference for developing your own.

To learn how to make a business plan you can also check our article: how to make a business plan step by step , which goes into the development of each of the parts of the structure and served as a guide for the development of model plan of business.

model structure and business plan

Structure of a business plan

For the preparation of a business plan there is no standard structure or format used for all plans alike, but one must adopt the structure that best sees fit according to your type of business and its needs or objectives plan either to serve as a guide for implementation, assess the viability of a business, getting financing, etc.

For example, if the main purpose of a business plan is to obtain a loan, the plan should have well supported arguments and enough information to convince the viability of the project and you will be able to pay the debt on time, although it could ignore some parts of the market study or the technical study for emphasis to financial study.

A commonly used in developing a business plan structure is composed of the following parts:

  • Executive summary.
  • Definition of the business.
  • Market study.
  • Technical study.
  • Business organization.
  • Study investment.
  • Study of income and expenses.
  • Financial study.

A brief explanation of each of these parties, as well as the elements that make up:

1. Executive Summary

The executive summary is a summary of the other parts that make up the business plan, so despite being the beginning of the plan must be developed after having completed the other parties.

An executive summary usually includes the following elements:

  • The basic data of business : the business name to be performed, its location, type of company (EIRL, SC, SA, etc.), etc.
  • Business description : a brief description of the business that is to be performed and / or the product or service that is being offered.
  • The distinguishing features : the innovative features that will have the business, product or service, and that will allow you apart from the competition.
  • Competitive advantages : the aspects where it will have a sustainable advantage over other competitors.
  • The vision and mission : Vision statements and mission of the business.
  • The idea of the need or opportunity of business : the reasons for the proposal or choice of business.
  • Business objectives : the goals they seek to achieve once launched the business.
  • Business strategies : the strategies used to achieve the objectives.
  • The executive team : people who are responsible for implementing and managing the business later.
  • The required investment : investment that is necessary to implement and operate the business during the first production cycle.
  • The expected return : the results of the profitability indicators used.
  • The environmental impact : a summary of the environmental impact that business.
  • The findings of the project : the conclusions that have been reached after completion of the development of the business plan.

An executive summary should be effectively able to display a summary in a single reading what the business plan, which is why their development should cover no more than three pages.


 

2. Definition of business

In the definition of business the business is to be performed is described, as well as other aspects related to this, such as the reasons for its proposal, its objectives and strategies.

The definition of the business usually includes the following elements:

  • The basic data of business : the business name to be performed, its location, type of company (EIRL, SC, SA, etc.), etc.
  • The description of the business : the business description to be performed and / or the product or service that is being offered.
  • The distinguishing features : the innovative features that will have the business, product or service, and that will allow one apart from the competition.
  • The competitive advantages : the aspects where it is to have a sustainable advantage over other competitors.
  • The target market : the market or public purpose which is to run the business.
  • The vision and mission : the statements of vision and mission of the business.
  • The idea of the need or opportunity of business : the reasons for the proposal or choice of business.
  • The business objectives : the goals they seek to achieve once launched the business.
  • The business strategies : the strategies used to achieve the objectives.

The definition of the business should be able to explain clearly what the business is to be performed and / or the product or service that is being offered, but also be able to generate interest in these.


 

3. Market

In the market research industry analysis, target market analysis, forecasting demand and other related market where the business will operate elements is developed.

Market research usually involves the following elements:

  • Industry analysis : the analysis and description of the industry or sector in which you operate a business (history, evolution, size, growth prospects, key players, etc.).
  • Definition and analysis of the target market : the market definition which will run the business, and consumer analysis and description that conforms (location, age range, preferences, wishes, purchasing behavior, consumption habits , customs, attitudes, etc.).
  • Competitive analysis : the analysis and description of future business competitors (quantity, leaders or major, location, experience, production capacity, strategies, pricing, sales outlets, advertising media, strengths, weaknesses, etc.).
  • Analysis and demand forecasting : analysis and demand forecasting to have the business for the period of time that is projected business plan.
  • Marketing analysis : analysis and development of business strategies and marketing strategies that will be used to meet the target market.
  • Provider market analysis : analysis and description of suppliers who have or could have business (location, levels of production or supply, credit, rates, guarantees, payment facilities, etc.).

For the development of market research it is necessary to conduct amarket research where useddata collection techniques such as surveys and focus groups.


 

4. Technical Study

In the technical study the physical requirements necessary for the operation of the business, its production process and infrastructure, size and other characteristics of the place where you work are described.

The technical study usually involves the following elements:

  • Physical requirements : the physical elements that are necessary for the operation of the business (land, buildings, machinery, equipment, tools, vehicles, furniture, supplies, etc.).
  • The business process : the phases or stages that make up the process or business processes (processes of purchasing, storage, production, distribution, sales, etc.).
  • Local business : the description of the premises where the business work (infrastructure, size, location, production capacity, plant layout, etc.).

For a better description of the elements of the technical study it is advisable to make use of tools such as charts, graphs, flow charts or flow charts, maps, etc.


 

5. Business Organization

In the business organization’s legal and organizational structure of the business described, areas or departments that make up, and other elements related to these.

Business organization usually includes the following elements:

  • The legal structure : the legal form under which the business is legally constituted (natural person or legal entity ), the type of company (EIRL, SC, SA, etc.), etc.
  • The organizational structure : the type of business organization that will (functional, by product, matrix, etc.), areas or departments that make up, and hierarchical relationships that will between them.
  • Charges and functions : position or office that will each business area or department, and functions, tasks, responsibilities, bosses and subordinates who will each.
  • The requirement of staff : staff will be required for each office or place of business, and the profile that a person should have to apply for each of these (experience, knowledge, skills, etc.).
  • Staff costs : salaries, wages and benefits will be assigned to each position or office.
  • Information systems : how to be recorded, process and distribute information in the business.
  • Executive Team profile : the profile of the people that already has to put up and then manage the business (experience, achievements, knowledge, skills, etc.).

For a better description of the elements of the business organization it is also recommended to make use of tools such as pictures, charts, flowcharts, etc.


 

6. Study of investment

In the study of investment investment that will be required to start and run the business in the first production cycle, and funding it is to be used or need to states.

The study on investment usually includes the following elements:

  • Fixed Assets : Fixed or tangible assets that are required before starting operations (land, buildings, buildings, infrastructure, machinery, equipment, tools, vehicles, furniture, etc.), and the investment made ​​in them.
  • Intangible assets : Intangible assets that will be required before starting operations (market research, product design, legal constitution of the business, obtaining permits and licenses, selection and training of personnel, opening marketing, etc.), and the investment made ​​in them.
  • Working capital : the elements that make working capital (supplies, work in process, finished goods, packaging, stationery, utilities, payroll and sales management, maintenance, municipal taxes, advertising, insurance, etc.) and the investment made ​​in them.
  • Total investment : The total investment of the project (the sum of investment in fixed assets, intangible assets and working capital).
  • Financing structure : the amount or percentage of the investment will be financed with equity and the amount or percentage to be financed with foreign capital.
  • Sources of financing : the description of the sources of external financing will be used and that these grant loans (amount, maturity, cost, etc.).

Overall, the study shows what the investment capital will be needed to operate the business in which such capital will be used and how to obtain or attempt to obtain.


 

7. Study of revenues and expenses

In the study of revenue and expenditure projections of revenues and expenditures of the business for the period of time that is projected business plan developed.

The study of income and expenses usually include the following elements:

  • The budget revenue (sales budget, budget billing, etc.) .
  • The expenditure budgets (procurement budget, payment budget, budget of administrative expenses, selling expenses budget, the budget debt repayment, etc.) .
  • The calculation of breakeven .
  • The cash budget or cash flow projected .
  • The operating budget or projected profit and loss .
  • The balance sheet forecast .

The time is projected a business plan often depends on its objectives and the type of business that is to be performed, with the usual business plans with projections to 1, 3 or 5 years.


 

8. Financial study

In the financial study calculating the period of payback and profitability of the business develops.

The financial study usually involves the following elements:

  • The payback period of investment : calculating the time it will take to recover the capital invested.
  • The return on investment : profitability as the financial index return on investment (ROI).
  • The NPV and IRR : profitability as financial indices Net (NPV) and Internal Rate of Return (IRR) Present Value.

The idea of ​​the financial study is to show that the project is profitable, how long the investment will recover, and how much is to be gained by this.


 

Model of a business plan

The model business plan that we will present them to the structure used as the basis described above.

The business plan is developed in a business dedicated to the manufacture and sale of a new brand of jeans for ladies which has among its main features using external workshops for making clothes and intermediary business for the sale of the same.

Note that this model or business plan example is a simple plan that uses dummy data because its sole purpose is to serve as a model, example or reference.Why it is recommended not directly apply or use it as academic work.

 


 

Read Next : > 12 Ways to Develop a Business Plan: Step By Step Tips and Definition | Business Management

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