The effects of nicotine in the fetus development | Smoking during pregnancy


Nicotine and pregnancy do not mix. It is known that cigarette smoke contains more than 4,000 chemicals, including cyanide. When you smoke, nicotine goes into the bloodstream. Whether a woman is pregnant and smokes or inhales secondhand smoke hand, the baby is consuming these poisons and chemicals in their blood. Nicotine exhausted the only  source  of nutrients and oxygen to the fetus, and slowly will generate numerous complications of  health  that could ultimately cause the baby’s death.


Effects of Nicotine

According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, eight seconds after inhalation of a cigarette, your brain is exposed to changing to harmful chemicals from nicotine. In fact, nicotine is so bad that only a pure drop can kill a person. When you smoke, your bloodstream slowly consuming this drug is sending through your body, even that of your baby as it is developing.



Effects of nicotine in a fetus

There are several side effects that your baby may have to face if you expose it to nicotine during pregnancy. These side effects include brain function, weight, size, lungs and developing complications.

  • Brain function: Just a couple of cigarettes a day can have a lifelong effect on the brain of your baby. Children exposed to smoking may have low IQ, learning disabilities and behavioral problems.
  • Weight and Size: Only smoking half a pack a day during pregnancy can remove 1/2 pound (1/4 kilo) to the weight of your baby. Two packs a day will remove 1 pound (0.5 kg) to the weight of your baby.
  • The lungs and body: Smaller babies have smaller lungs and organs, which means there is a possibility that the lungs are not able to function on their own. A baby exposed to nicotine in excess can spend the first weeks of his life on a ventilator to stay alive. Babies exposed to smoking may be vulnerable to asthma and sudden infant death syndrome.


Decrease effects

Although it is suggested that you do not smoke at all during pregnancy, you can quit after the first four months and reduce the chances of having to give birth prematurely or have a child with other health complications.



Benefits of quitting smoking during pregnancy

If you are having trouble quitting, consider the benefits it brings. Quitting smoking reduces the risk of having a baby of low weight and avoids the risk of having a premature baby or a miscarriage. The absence of nicotine in your body will allow more oxygen and nutrients to help your baby. As a mother, quitting smoking will reduce your risk of heart problems and lung apart from give you more energy.



Solution to quit

To prevent the consumption of snuff during pregnancy, talk to your doctor about possible medication or nicotine patches. You can also cut rennet smoking with the support of your loved ones or out slowly cigarettes daily before becoming pregnant. You must use a strong support system and stick to your resources; this is best for your health and your baby. Avoid secondhand smoke not to become addicted again.




Quitting is hard, but if you keep busy doing something else, you can help to keep your mind away from cigarette. If you start doing things gardening or sewing, the hands are always busy. Chew gum or mints every time you have a craving for nicotine. Plan your bathroom for your baby or go for a walk to buy clothes for the baby.



Expert information

Smoking during pregnancy accounts for 10% of premature deaths. It is important to stop smoking during pregnancy to protect you and your baby. The effects of nicotine are irreversible and may be too late to try to control them once they start smoking.


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