The science of lies and politicians | It is intrinsic in humans and all lie -

Scientists say a lie is something intrinsic to human beings and we all lie, but they say that politicians do more.

This year, races and pre-election campaigns to the United States presidential election, American politicians are manipulated the truth in a big way, with real consequences. Experts say that if we study how and why we deceive one another better understand the election to the White House.

In their words: “Dishonesty is contagious.”

We watch with fascination as the candidates seeking the nomination as the world’s most powerful tell lies and accuse each other of dishonesty.

Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump usually qualifies his rival Ted Cruz as “Lyin ‘Ted” ( “The Liar Ted”). Cruz has replied: “falsely accuse someone of lying is in itself lie and that is something that Donald every day.”

news organizations such as The Associated Press and PolitiFact devote enormous resources to separate true statements of the candidates of their dishonest statements, but to do this task, many of us must also make a reflection on our own lies and how they compare to the deceptions of politicians.

For more than two decades, researchers from different branches have examined the falsehoods of humanity and this is what we found: All we turn away from the truth. We have learned to deceive since we were little kids. We rationalize the lies that benefit us. We say little lies daily so that others feel good.

I am more concerned about lies in public life (specifically by politicians and, in particular, Trump) than ever before,” the researcher said in an email in psychology Bella DePaulo, University of California, Saint Barbara.

When lies are successful, it is “more tempting to lie. The lies start to repeat themselves. They may have a lingering effect, even if they were discredited.”

Children learn to lie as they have an average age of 3 years, often after they realize that other people do not know what they are thinking, said Kang Lee, a professor at the University of Toronto.

Lee has done extensive research on children and lies. Lee created an experiment in a monitored by video room to see how many children were lying about taking a toy when an adult left the room.

At two years old, only 30% lied, Lee said. After three years, half did. At five or six, 90% of children lied and Lee said he is concerned that 10% did not. This is universal, Lee said.

In 1996, DePaulo, author of “The Hows and Whys of Lies”, installed recorders students for a week and concluded that they lied, on average, one out of three conversations 10 minutes or more. In adults, the figure was one in five conversations.

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