Our educational system teaches us what to think, not how to think. Memorization and recitation of lessons on debate and critical thinking are rewarded. And you know what? To speak well in public before you have to think in private.
Thinking, Fast and Slow is a monumental work, a milestone of psychological and philosophical thought. Collect intellectual testament psychologist Daniel Kahneman, winner of the Nobel Prize in Economics in 2002 for his clarification of our decision-making processes in environments of uncertainty . The main idea of the book is the existence of two systems of thought within our brains : fast and slow:
|Thinking, Fast and Slow
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- The system 1 operates quickly and automatically, with little or no effort and no sense of voluntary control . It includes actions such as orient ourselves toward the source of a sudden sound, driving a car with an empty road or understand simple sentences.
- System 2 focuses on the toiling mental activities demand it, including complex calculations . The operations of System 2 are often associated with the subjective experience of acting, choose and concentrate. It includes actions such as being attentive to the starting gun in a race car in a narrow space or check the validity of a complex logical argument.
Most of the things we think and do (our System 2) originate in System 1, System 2 but takes over when those things get tough and he is usually the one who has the last word.
Daniel Kahneman explains in his book learning to recognize situations where errors are likely and avoid major mistakes when they are at play things first order.